Elara The Creole ‘N New York City
(c) Leo G Campbell 11/21/2015 Historical Novel
Ch 1 Elara The Creole ‘N New York City
The great Amazon River’s fresh water, drainage ends at the Atlantic Ocean, near the Equator. Europeans had colonized this jungle, humid, the future Brazil, for 100 years. Many natives had grown to tolerate the Europeans, and Europeans did also.
There were many small villages and cleared forest, primeval jungle, big rivers. The large Amazon River began in Peru, and crossed hundreds of miles eastward in jungle Brazil.
A social need arose for natives, who sought power and influence from the Dutch, Portguese, Spanish, English, to merge part of their native society to the emerging mixed-class of male Europeans.
The small city of Surinam, near the mouth of the great Amazon River to the Atlantic Ocean, also had a Portguese military fort, called Fort Surinam. Dutch forces were besieging the fort, and a Dutch victory was possible.
The best immigrants from Europe to merge with, were the better-born unmarried males. Native chiefs mostly possessed the cultivated and cleared parts of Brazil, and used a formal dowery system, to make available young, unmarried female relatives.
Elara, called “The Creole” by Europeans, was a young daughter of a chief of the “X” clan. He made it known in the town of Surinam, that he had available a suitable native bride, for Portuguese or Dutch upper class males.
A Portuguese merchant trader, who arranged such deals, also acted as a go between the parties, and wrote up an agreement between himself and the “X” clan chief for Elara’s behalf. An official bulletin was put out, in the better hotels in Surinam, the offer of marriage.
And, in a fledgling, city weekly news pamphlet:
Advertisement – Dowery Offer of Marriage – 1643
[Translated From Th’ Portuguese ]
“Be it known, [Portguese merchant name] has a Native marriage of a bride. Dowery and Real Land Inprovements. Contact at merchant stall at the Fort.”
The chief brought his daughter to the merchant’s stall at the fort, along with Elara’s helper, an older woman servant/slave.
There was provided, as part of a purchase price for Elara, 600 acres of mostly cleared, fertile land. And a somewhat organized, native work force of clan workers that would work for free, for 3 years. Then begin with low wage in the future. A farm would rise, cattle, corn. A suitable dwelling would be built for the assumed-attached couple.
The Dutch forces finally invaded the fort, and the Portuguese garrison surrendered. Taken prisoner, they were put on a Dutch ship to the island of Curacao, which was a Dutch outpost off the west coast of South America, whose commander was Peter Stuvysant. He later was promoted to the post of Director of New Amsterdam.
Holland was emerging from the Middle Ages. The official / unspoken national force that drove Holland, was “The East/West Indies Company”.
During it’s entire corporate legal lifetime, the Dutch, now an international military force in all respects, over a period of over 200 years, returned to its stockholders in Amsterdam, Holland a minimum per annum 18% interest. It owned 5,000 ships in the Pacific Ocean, and 5,000 ships in the Atlantic Ocean, Near East, China, Japan. Capt Jan was an official Dutch Army Captain and The East/West indies Company paid everybody’s salsaries, and owned all the ships, supplies, etc.
Ch 2 – Dalfsen And Friesland
Jan Dalfsen born ca. 1600 in Dalfsen village, later is a young man in northern Friesland. He boards a ship, becomes military, fights in battles in various places, gets promoted from soldier to sergeant to Lt then Capt.
Capt Jan Van Dalfsen de Friese is transerferred to Fort Curacao, island of Curacao. He reports to Fort Commander Petyr Stuvysant. He is sent to Fort Surinam, to oversee the fort’s cleanup and it is refitted as a Dutch fort.
Ch 3 Fort Surinam 1664
Capt Jan arrives by ship from Curacao to the docks of Surinam. Goes to the fort. He is walking through the rubble and ruin inside the fort, encounters the Portuguese merchant, who is still selling from a stall. Next to the stall is a small tent where Elara and her slave reside.
Capt Jan meets Elara and her slave. He buys Elara and her slave from the merchant, who is agent to the “X” clan chief. For 60 Dutch Guilders ($250 US). The Portuguese merchant gives Capt Jan a signed Bill of Sale at Surinam, also Official Documentation for Elara, her father, the slave, etc. A Register of Purchase of Land is officially filed in Dutch and Brazilian Portuguese authorities. Someday Capt Jan will retire, he and Elara will return to their 600 Brazilian farm acres, and live happily after. Sadly, neither one of them could ever return.
Ch 4 Curacao
Capt Jan and Elara with slave, arrive, by ship from Surinam, to Curacao.
They all meet Commander Petyr Stuyvesant. Chat, have dinner, Elara and slave meet servants and slaves. Elara has some social status.
Commander Petyr Stuyvessant meets with Capt Jan, assigns him to the former Fort Amersterdam, now New Amsterdam. The Director, Kieft, has mistreated local Indian tribes, the Indians are starting to kill Dutch settlers.
Capt Jan will travel with 180 soldiers on the ship “Blue Hen” to reinforce the fort at New Amsterdam. Capt Jan set out from Curacao, with Elara and her slave also aboard.
Ch 5 Fort And New Amsterdam 1644
The ship “Blue Hen” arrived, July 1644, to the harbor of the town. Dutch army Captain Jan Dalfsen de Fries, with Elara The Creole, baby son Jan is baptized a few months later in the town’s main church, the Church Of St. Nicholas, a popular European saint.
Ch 6 Capt Jan Dalfsen
Ch 7 Wreck Of The Princess Amelia
Capt Jan, as a result of a complaint from former Director Kieft, was formally recalled to Amsterdam, in 1647. He and Elara had been in the small town/fort for three years, and Capt Jan knew The Dutch Council well. It is likely, that Capt Jan’s soldiers built the stockade wall, to keep Indians out. Later became Wall Street.
After making legal arrangements and his will, Capt Jan left for Holland and The Company, in “The Princess Amelia“. As the ship approached England, intending to steer to the English Channel, in a storm The Amelia steered north, and wrecked on rocks off of Swansea, Wales. Some passengers survived, but Capt Jan and Kieft, were drowned.
Ch 8 1664 New York City
British fleet of 3 English warships takes New Amsterdam, renamed New York City. British keep the Director Petyr Stuvysant, and the Dutch Court, and most other city infrastructure.
The taking of New Amsterdam by the English, was remarkable for there was no violence, no fighting. The Dutch town, grew more wealthy, and more English, although the Dutch influence lasted for many years.
Gradually more English arrived, also from many other countries.